Paul Cézanne was a French Post-Impressionist painter credited with launching Modernism with his idiosyncratic style. He depicted form and light with hatched-together brushstrokes of modulated color and bold outlines. “We must not paint what we think we see, but what we see,” he once said. “Sometimes it may go against the grain, but this is what our craft demands.” Born on January 19, 1839 in Aix-en-Provence, France, growing up he was close friends with the esteemed French writer Émile Zola. Supported by his father throughout his career, the artist was able to pursue his interests in painting rather than ascribe to a particular style. During the latter part of his career, Cézanne spent much of his time in his hometown. Here, he painted views of Mont Saint-Victoire, still lifes, and Provençal locals. He was widely appreciated in his lifetime, despite facing mainstream rejection from major institutions and salons. The artist died on October 22, 1906 in Aix-en-Provence, France.